Robert William Schmieder is an American scientist and explorer.

Schmieder has had a multidisciplinary career, broadly divided between physics and related physical sciences, and environmental science and exploration. In most of his projects, he created and led teams of both professional scientists and volunteers. His work is documented in about 100 technical publications and 10 books.


B.A., Physics, Occidental College, 1963
B.S., Physics, California Institute of Technology, 1963
M.A., Physics, Columbia University, 1965
Ph.D., Physics, Columbia University, 1968


Atomic and nuclear physics

Dr. Schmieder's research career in physical science began as an undergraduate at Caltech, when he published his first technical papers. While still an undergraduate, he worked in the CIT synchrotron laboratory, and he participated in the discovery of a new isotope (In106) using the Berkeley 60” cyclotron. For his PhD thesis at Columbia University, he made a definitive series of measurements of the hyperfine structure constants and lifetimes of the free alkali atoms.

As a post-doc at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, he was the first to produce highly stripped atoms in a high-energy accelerator (the Berkeley HILAC) and to observe relativistic and multipole atomic transitions in those ions. This work led to the new field of “high-energy atomic physics.” He also made significant contributions to instrumentation for X-Ray spectroscopy, including the Doppler-tuned spectrometer and the electron ring accelerator as a spectroscopic source, laser-modulation of electron beams, superconducting switches, and laser/microwave gas breakdown.

Spectroscopy and chemical physics

In the early 1970's, he accepted a position at Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore. His first work at Sandia was the 1976 invention of laser spark spectroscopy, a technique that is now commercialized. During early 1980’s, he was the first to record the UV fluorescence spectrum of acetylene, the emission spectrum of pure tritium gas, the first to use tritium for radiolytic polymerization of hydrocarbons, and first to use carbon-14 to track reaction pathways in carbon formation in flames.

Plasma physics and collective dynamics

During the Strategic Defense Initiative period (mid-1980’s), he led the effort to calculate the effects of clustering of X-Ray lasers. Following the SDI, he led a team that built two state-of-the-art electron beam ion sources (EBIS), obtaining highly charged ions up to Xe+46 in laboratory experiments and a design capability of U+90.

During the early 1990’s, he was Principal Investigator of a team that developed an advanced model and simulation code for the plasma color video display, part of a national initiative that produced the current flat-panel display. He also developed a new model of collective dynamics of minimally cognitive populations, and applied it to various dynamical systems, including biological populations and artificial life.


During mid-1990’s, Schmieder’s interest turned to nanotechnology. He was the first to observe Coulomb explosion on a solid surface, from which he developed a new process using high charge state ions for fabricating nanoelectronic devices, and to recognize the potential of such systems to high-density computing and information technology. His key insight was that nanoscale devices are intrinsically hybrid analog/digital, and therefore the optimum architecture and data structures for computing arrays also should be hybrid A/D. He named this new technology “nanologic.” In 1997, he left Sandia to found a startup company NanoLogic, Inc., but after an initial round of funding, the financial crisis of 2000 made it impossible to obtain further funding and the company became inactive.

Current research

Schmieder continues his research into nanologic as a new paradigm for machine-assisted problem solving. He emphasizes that a nanologic machine is not a computer in the sense of performing computations, but a machine for abstracting the meaning from incomplete or imperfect information and making “intelligent” conclusions or predictions. In this sense, nanologic is closer to human cognition and analysis than to computation.

During his years at Berkeley, he worked with Albert Ghiorso, the discoverer of 12 transuranic chemical elements. He is currently (2013) writing a scientific biography: Element: The Amazing Life and Work of Albert Ghiorso, the Discoverer of 12 Chemical Elements.



Dr. Schmieder's work in environmental science and exploration began in the mid-1970s, when he began to organize and lead a series of major scientific expeditions to extremely remote oceanic locations. To formalize the work, he established a nonprofit organization, Cordell Expeditions. Throughout these projects, he coordinated the work of a large number of specialists and volunteers, ensuring the scientific viability of extensive collections of specimens and observational data. The work led to many discoveries in geography, geology and marine biology, including numerous new species named to honor the expeditions and personnel (Armina cordellensis, Codium schmiederi, Erylus schmiederi, Halcelia bozanici, Homalopoma cordellensis, Megalomphalus schmiederi, Ophioderma vansyoci, Paratimea alijosensis, Pharia pyramidata schmiederi, Thor cordelli). Cumulatively, Cordell Expeditions is responsible for the field work leading more than 1000 new species, new genera, first recorded observations, and range/depth extensions.

Cordell Bank

Schmieder’s first, and most extensive, field project was the exploration of Cordell Bank, a rocky bank west of Pt. Reyes, California. Over nearly 10 years (1977-86), he and his group explored and described the Bank. As a result of this work, the Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary was designated in 1989 by an Act of Congress, signed by Pres. George H. W. Bush. In the course of this project, Schmieder published papers on the geological structure of the bank, morphology and speciation of a resident gastropod, local history [100], and the impact of human activities on the biological community, culminating with the definitive case study Ecology of an Underwater Island. A second monograph, Edward Cordell and the Discovery of Cordell Bank, is completed but not yet published. The Oakland Museum has a permanent exhibit on Cordell Bank, honoring the work of Cordell Expeditions.

Schmieder Bank

During 1986-87, Schmieder’s team carried out a series of explorations of an unnamed bank off Pt. Sur, south of Monterey, California, resulting in the discovery of previously unknown topographic features and the largest known colonies of the California hydrocoral. This work resulted in the inclusion of sensitive areas within the proposed Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary. Following a recommendation by Dr. Sylvia Earle (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration), Dr. Paul Silva (UC Berkeley), and Dr. Melanie Stright (U.S. Minerals Management Service), it was named Schmieder Bank by the U. S. Board of Geographic Names.

Other expeditions

North Farallon Island: In the late 1980’s, his team explored the North Farallon Islands, resulting in the discovery of many new biological records and a previously unknown (natural) submarine tunnel.
Rocas Alijos: In 1990 and again in 1993, Schmieder and a team of thirty carried out the first comprehensive scientific expeditions to Rocas Alijos, Baja California. The monograph Rocas Alijos, published in 1994 by Kluwer Academic Publishers, resulted from these expeditions.
Guadalupe Island: A radio expedition done in 1993 in conjunction with the Rocas Alijos project.
Roqueta Island: A radio expedition done in 1994.
Peter I Island: In 1994 he participated in an expedition to Peter I Island, Antarctica, documented in his book 3YØPI.
Easter Island: In 1995 he carried out a complex and ambitious expedition to Easter Island, during which the team examined the unexplored marine areas. This expedition was the first on record to have a real-time interactive website and e-mail direct to the remote site. It is documented in his book DX-Aku: Messages from the Easter Island Expedition.
Heard Island: In 1997 he organized and led the extraordinary expedition to Heard Island, Antarctica, during which his team logged a world-record number of radio contacts (more than 80,000). His book, VKØIR: The Heard Island Expedition, describes the expedition.
San Felix Island: In 2002 he was an organizing member of the expedition to San Felix Island, Chile, the first non-military group to visit the island. This expedition is documented in his book XRØX The 2002 Expedition to San Felix.
Kure Atoll: In 2005 he was the Principal Organizer and Expedition Leader of the expedition to Kure Atoll, NW Hawaiian Islands. For this project he developed an internet application (DXA), the first website for displaying data from the remote site in real time on a web browser. The website received more than 40 million hits during the expedition.
Clipperton Island: In March, 2013, Schmieder organized and led the expedition to Clipperton Island. The team of 29 made the first discovery of foraminifera on Clipperton, and set a record for the number of radio contacts from there (113,601). This expedition and the 2005 expedition to Kure (above) are described in his book DXA. The Real-time Online Radio Log Server.
Heard Island: Currently (2013), Schmieder is organizing a major research expedition to Heard Island, to be carried out in 2015. The goals are to make extensive studies of the volcano Big Ben, environmental studies, and to implement significant new real-time communications from the remote island.

The Cordell Explorer

In 1986 Schmieder acquired and outfitted a research vessel, the Cordell Explorer, and used it in some of the research expeditions. In recent years, he has used the vessel principally for educational programs, taking more than 300 students each year on 1-day cruises to learn about the marine environment and techniques for monitoring and research.


Dr. Schmieder was born July 10, 1941, in Phoenix, Arizona. His father (Otto Schmieder) emigrated from Germany in the 1920's, and became a very successful businessman. His mother (Ruby Harkey) was part of a pioneer family in the territory of Arizona. His brother (Carl Schmieder) was a distinguished businessman and aviator before losing his life at age 60 in a private aircraft accident. He has three grown children (Robyn Hannon, Russell Schmieder, and Randy Schmieder), and six grandchildren. He is married to Kathleen (Erickson) Schmieder.

Schmieder has served in numerous professional service roles, such as Program Committee, International Combustion Symposium, 1982, 1984, 1988; Editor, Proc. Workshop Electron Beam Ion Sources, Cornell U., 1985; National Academy of Sciences Committee on Ion Storage Rings, 1986; Editor, Defense Research Review, 1986-1992; NATO Summer Institute, Highly Ionized Atoms, Cargese, France, 1988; International Ion Source Conf. Program Committee, Berkeley, 1989. He was a beta tester for Maxis Software 1995. He was active in the Sierra Club, working on the Prop. 20 (Coastline Initiative). In 1986, he was elected a Fellow of the Explorers Club and served for several years as Chairman of its Northern California Chapter.

He has traveled to all 7 continents and about 25 countries worldwide, including three Atlantic Ocean crossings by boat. His principal hobby is amateur radio; he holds Amateur Extra Class license KK6EK, and has been honored by Expedition of the Year (three times), Life Membership in the Central Arizona DX Association, and the American Radio Relay League Colvin Award (three times). In 2011, he was inducted into the Amateur Radio Hall of Fame.



B.A.                Physics, Occidental College, 1963
B.S.                 Physics, California Institute of Technology, 1963
M.A.               Physics, Columbia University, 1965
Ph.D.              Physics, Columbia University, 1968


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American Men and Women of Science
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Who's Who in California, Men of Achievement
Personalities of the Americas
Directory of Distinguished Americans
Dictionary of International Biography
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International Directory of Distinguished Leadership.



NanoLogic, Inc., Walnut Creek, 1997-present
President, CEO
Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, 1972-1997
Senior Member Technical Staff
University of California (Berkeley) Physics Department, 1971-72
Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, 1969-71
Post-doctoral Research Associate
Occidental, Caltech, Columbia, 1958-68
Graduate and undergraduate studies


Program Committee, International Combustion Symposium, 1982, 1984, 1988
Editor, Proc. Workshop Electron Beam Ion Sources, Cornell U., 1985
National Academy of Sciences Committee on Ion Storage Rings, 1986
Editor, Defense Research Review, 1986-1992
NATO Summer Institute, Highly Ionized Atoms, Cargese, France, 1988
International Ion Source Conf. Program Committee, Berkeley, 1989
Beta tester for Maxis Software 1995
Member of the American Geophysical Union and the IEEE.
NANOLOGIC: The Future of Computing (in progress)
ELEMENT: The Amazing Life and Work of Albert Ghiorso (in progress)


“An Electromagnetic Acceleration Correction to the Debye Relaxation Time.” R. W. Schmieder, Amer. J. Phys. 31, 885 (1963).
“Operator Formulation of Plane Mirror Systems.” R. W. Schmieder, Appl. Opt. 6, 537 (1967).
“Regions of Viewability for a Pair of Intersecting Semi-Infinite Plane Mirrors.” R. W. Schmieder, Appl. Opt. 6, 773 (1967).
 “Hyperfine Structure and Lifetimes of the 4 2P3/2and 5 2P3/2 States of K39.”  R. W. Schmieder, A. Lurio, and W. Happer, Phys. Rev. 173, 76 (1968).
“Stokes Algebra Formalism.” R. W. Schmieder, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 59, 297 (1969).
“Level-Crossing Measurements of the Lifetimes and Hyperfine Constants of the 2P3/2  States of the Stable Alkali Atoms.” R. W. Schmieder, A. Lurio, W. Happer, and A. Khadjavi, Phys. Rev. A2, 1216 (1970).  
“Quadratic Stark Effect in the 2P3/2 States of the Alkali Atoms.” R. W. Schmieder, A. Lurio, and W. Happer, Phys. Rev. A3, 1209 (1970).
“Observation of the Magnetic Dipole Decay of the 2 3S1 State of Heliumlike Si XIII, S XV, and Ar XVII.”  R. Marrus and R. W. Schmieder, Phys. Lett. 32A, 431 (1970).
“Relativistic Magnetic Dipole Emission: Lifetime of the 1s 2s 3S1 State of Heliumlike Argon.” R. W. Schmieder and R. Marrus, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 1245 (1970).
“Observation of the Magnetic Quadrupole Decay 2 3P2—-> 1 1S0 of Heliumlike Argon XVII and Lifetime of the 2 3P2 State.”  R. Marrus and R. W. Schmieder, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 1692 (1970).
“Two-photon Decay and Lifetime of the 2 2S1/2 State of Hydrogenlike Argon.” R. W. Schmieder and R. Marrus, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 1692 (1970).
“Observation and Study of Coherent Electron/Laser Interaction in Solids.” Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Report LBL-252 (1971).
“Feasibility Tests for a Large Diameter Rotating Lid Vacuum Chamber.” R. W. Schmieder, J. V. Franck, and W. Low, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Rept. LBL-769 (1972).
“Large Diameter Rotating Lid Vacuum Chamber.” R. W. Schmieder, Nucl. Inst. Meth. 102, 313 (1972).
“Interference Effects in Laser-Modulated Electron Beams.” R. W. Schmieder, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 516 (1972).
 “Matrix Elements of the Quadratic Stark Effect on Atoms with Hyperfine Structure,” R. W. Schmieder, Amer. J. Phys. 40, 297 (1972).
“Forbidden Decays of Hydrogenlike and Heliumlike Argon.” R. Marrus and R. W. Schmieder, Phys. Rev. A5, 1160 (1972).
“Double and Triple Photon Decays of Metastable 3P0 Atomic States.” R. W. Schmieder, Phys. Rev. A7, 1458 (1973).
“Atomic Structure and Spectra.” R. W. Schmieder, McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology  (1973).
“Research on Hydrogenlike and Heliumlike Ions.”  R. W. Schmieder, Encyclopedia Della Scienza e Della Tecnica Montadori  (1973).
“Lifetime of the 2 3S1 State of Heliumlike Argon (Z=18) and Heliumlike Titanium (Z=22).”  H. Gould, R. Marrus, and R. W. Schmieder, Phys. Rev. Lett. 31, 504 (1973).
 “Superconducting Particle Detectors.” R. W. Schmieder, Sandia National Laboratories Rept. SLL-73-0223 (1973).
“Doppler-tuned Beam-foil Spectrometer.”  R. W. Schmieder and R. Marrus, Nucl. Inst. Meth. 110, 459 (1973).
“Doppler-tuned Xray Spectrometer.” R. W. Schmieder, Rev. Sci. Inst. 45, 687 (1974).
“Characteristic Xrays from Xenon Ions Trapped in an Electron Ring.” R. W. Schmieder, Phys. Lett. 47A, 415 (1974).
“The Electron Ring Program at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory.”  W. W. Chupp, A. Faltens, E. C. Hartwig, D. Keefe, J. B. Rechen, R. W. Schmieder, and A. Salop, Proc. Ninth Int’l Conf. High Energy Accel., Stanford (1974).
“The Application of a Relativistic Electron Ring as a Containment Device for Highly Stripped Ions.” J. M. Hauptman, L. J. Laslett, W. W. Chupp, D. Keefe, G. R. Lambertson, R. W. Schmieder, and A. Salop, First Int’l Conf. Plasma Science, Knoxville, TN  (1974).
“The Electron Ring Ion Trap and Spectroscopic Instrumentation for Basic Studies Related to the Production of High Charge State Ions and the Physics of Highly Ionized Atoms.” D. Keefe, L. J. Laslett, M. Michel, J. M. Peterson, and R. W. Schmieder, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Rept. ERAN-250 (1974).
“K and L Xray Yields for Relativistic Electron Impact on Xe Ions.” R. W. Schmieder, Phys. Lett. 51A, 237 (1975).
 “K and L Subshell Fluorescence Yield, Coster-Kronig Yields, and Fullshell Yields for Ions of Ar, Kr, and Xe in the Statistical Scaling Model.” R. W. Schmieder, Sandia National Laboratories Rept. RS8342/112 (1975).
“Annotated Bibliography of Highly Ionized Atoms of Importance to Plasmas.” R. W. Schmieder, Sandia National Laboratories Rept. SAND75-8219 (1975).
“Theory of Ionization Probe Circuits.” R. W. Schmieder, Sandia National Laboratories Rept. RS88342/114 (1975).
“Superconducting Switches using Radiation-Induced Quenching.” R. W. Schmieder, IEEE Trans. MAG-11, 590 (1975).
“Pressure Dependence of Gas Breakdown by Combined Laser and Microwave Radiation.” R. W. Schmieder, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 712 (1979).
“Laser Sparks: Focus on Combustion.” Sandia Technology 5, 1 (1979).
“Overlapping Pulse Technique for Imaging Space-time Density Contours in a Gas.” R. W. Schmieder, J. Appl. Phys. 51, 1871 (1980).
“Striated Filamentary Sparks Produced by a CO2 TEA Laser.” R. W. Schmieder, Opt. Lett. 4, 369 (1980).
“Imaging a Conserved Scalar in Gas Mixing by Means of a Linear Spark.” R. W. Schmieder and A. R. Kerstein, Appl. Opt. 19, 4210 (1980).
“Laser Spark Ignition and Extinction of a Methane/Air Diffusion Flame.” R. W. Schmieder, J. Appl. Phys. 52, 3000 (1981).
“Combustion Applications of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy.” R. W. Schmieder, Proc. Conf. Electro-optics and Lasers, Anaheim, CA (1981).
“Techniques and Applications of Laser Spark Spectroscopy.” R. W. Schmieder, Proc. Conf. LASER82, New Orleans (1982).
“Techniques for Producing Linear Filamentary Sparks.” R. W. Schmieder, J. Appl. Phys. 53, 878 (1982).
“Dependence of Striation Spacing in Linear Laser Sparks on Gas Pressure and Luminosity.” R. W. Schmieder, J. Appl. Phys. 53, 6096 (1982).
 “Diode Array Images of Linear Laser Sparks.” R. W. Schmieder, J. Appl. Phys. 53, 6101 (1982).
“Spectrum of Acetylene Fluorescence Excited by Single XUV Photons.” R. W. Schmieder, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 2900 (1982).
“Agglomeration of Polyacetylenic Particulates and its Relation to Soot Formation.” R. W. Schmieder, 19th Int’l Symp. Comb., Haifa, Israel (1982), p. 1403.
“Growth of Cuprene Particles.” R. W. Schmieder, Rad. Res. 99, 20 (1984).
“Optical Emission of Tritium Gas.” R. W. Schmieder, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 72, 5943 (1982).
“Radiotracer Studies of Soot Formation in Diffusion Flames.” R. W. Schmieder, 20th Int’l Symp. Comb. (Ann Arbor, MI), p. 1025.
“Measurement of Instabilities and Ion Heating in an Electron Beam Ion Source.” M. A. Levine, R. E. Marrs, and R. W. Schmieder, Nucl. Inst. Meth. A237, 429 (1985).
Proc. Third International EBIS Workshop. V. O. Kostroun and R. W. Schmieder, Eds., Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, (1985). 
 “Distributions of Ions in Axisymmetric Traps.” R. W. Schmieder, Proc. Workshop Appl. Sources of High Charge State Ions, Argonne (1986).
“Exact Classical Model of Distributions of Ions in Collisionally Evolving Axisymmetric Traps.” R. W. Schmieder, Physica Scripta T22, 312 (1988).
“Heating and Cooling of Ions in the EBIS: Monte Carlo Calculations.” R. W. Schmieder and C. L. Bisson, Int’l Symp. EBIS and Applic., Brookhaven (1988).
“The Sandia EBIS Program.” R. W. Schmieder, C. L. Bisson, S. Haney, N. Toly, A. R. Van Hook, and J. Weeks, AIP Conf. Particles and Fields 38, 45 (1988).
“Enhanced Secondary Ion Yield from High Charge State Ions Incident on a Metal Surface.” R. W. Schmieder and R. J. Bastasz, Nucl. Inst. Meth. B43, 318 (1989).
“Physics of the EBIS and its Ions.” R. W. Schmieder, chapter in: Physics of Highly Ionized Atoms, R. Marrus, Ed., (Plenum, 1989).
“Status of the Sandia EBIS Atomic Physics Program.” R. W. Schmieder, Proc. 1989 Particle Accel. Conf., Chicago, IL (1989).
“Enhanced Performance of the LBL/SNLL Leaky EBIS: Evidence for Cooling of Trapped Heavy Ions.” R. W. Schmieder and C. L. Bisson, Rev. Sci. Inst. 61, 256 (1990).
“Sandia Super-EBIS.” R. W. Schmieder, C. L. Bisson, S. Haney, N. Toly, A. R. Van Hook, and J. Weeks, Rev. Sci. Inst. 61, 259 (1990).
“Quightness: A Proposed Figure-of-Merit for Sources of Low-Energy, High-Charge-State Ions.” R. W. Schmieder, Rev. Sci. Inst. 61, 1101 (1990).
“Ion Optical and Beam Energy Properties of the Electron Beam Ion Source.” R. W. Schmieder, Rev. Sci. Inst. 61, 1104 (1990).
“Ion Collision Experiments with Slow, Very Highly Charged Ions Extracted from an Electron Beam Ion Trap.” D. Schneider, D. DeWitt, M. W.Clark, R. Schuch, C. L. Cocke, R. W. Schmieder, K. Reed, M. H. Chen, R. Marrs, M. Levine, and R. Fortner, Phys. Rev. A42, 3889 (1990). Material also presented at the Int’l Conf. Elect. and Ion Coll. and the Int’l Conf. on Atomic Physics.
“Color Plasma Display Panel.” During 1991-93, R. W. Schmieder was PI for a CRADA (Cooperative Research and Development Agreement) with DOE, to develop models and software for simulating the behavior of flat color video display panels. The work was documented in a series of internal reports:
CPDP/CRADA-tci, Tech. Commercialization Initiative, 26 June 1991 (reprinted).
CPDP/CRADA, CRADA SC92-1079, 5/12/92, Nov 1992 (reprinted).
CPDP/QPR-93-1, Quarterly Progress Report/1st Quarter 1993, vers. 1.0, 15 March 93.
CPDP/QPR-93-2, Quarterly Progress Report/2nd Quarter 1993, vers. 1.0, 15 June 93.
CPDP/DL, Document List, vers. 1.1, 30 June 93.
CPDP/TN-1, Tech. Note 1: Prelim. Tech. Notes, vers. 1.0, 23 July 1993.
CPDP/PMP, Project Management Plan, vers. 1.0, 25 Aug. 93.
CPDP/QAP, Quality Assurance Plan, vers. 1.0, 28 July 1993.
CPDP/PMP-td-1, Task Description: Wall Model Develop., vers. 1.0, 29 July 1993.
CPDP/PRG, Project Resources Guide, vers. 1.0, 31 July 93.
CPDP/QPR-93-3, Quarterly Progress Report/3rd Quarter 1993, vers. 1.0, 15 Sep. 93.
CPDP/MRS, Model Requirements Specification, vers. 0.1, Draft, Nov. 1993.
“Surface Damage by Low Energy, Highly Charged Ions.” R. W. Schmieder and R. J. Bastasz, Proc. Conf. High Charge State Ions, June 1992, Kansas State Univ., AIP Conf. Proc. (1993).
“Potential Technological Applications of High Charge State Ions,” R. W. Schmieder and R. J. Bastasz, Proc. Conf. High Charge State Ions, June 1992, Kansas State Univ., AIP Conf. Proc. (1993).
“Simulating Living Organisms with Populations of Point Vortices.” Sandia National Laboratories Report SAND8527 (1995).
 “Metastable States and Intermittent Switching of Small Populations of Confined Point Vortices.” Sandia National Laboratories Report SAND95-8488 (1995).
 “Population Dynamics of Minimally Cognitive Individuals. Part I: Introducing Knowledge Into the Dynamics.” Sandia National Laboratories Report SAND8505 (1995).
“Population Dynamics of Minimally Cognitive Individuals. Part II: Dynamics of Time-Dependent Knowledge.” Sandia National Laboratories Report SAND8489 (1995).
“Passive Micromechanical Tags.” R. W. Schmieder and R. J. Bastasz, Sandia National Laboratories Report SAND95-8206 (1995).
“Nanometer-size surface features produced by single, low energy, highly charged ions,” D. C. Parks, R. Bastasz, R. W. Schmieder, and M. Stockli, J. Vac. Sci. Tech. B13(3), 941 (1995).
“Non-kinetic damage on insulating materials by highly charged ion bombardment,” D. C. Parks, M. P. Stockli, E. W. Bell, L. P. Ratcliff, R. W. Schmieder, F. G. Serpa, and J. D. Gillaspy, J. Vac Sci. Tech. (997).


[All documents are by R. W. Schmieder]
“Private Offering Memorandum“ 10 Apr 1998.
“Stage I Design Review“ (PowerPoint Presentation).  8 Sep 1998.
“Financial Model“ 1 Sep 1999.
“Electronic Processor for Simulation of Physical Systems“ 11 Feb 1999.
“Nanologic Circuits“ Patent Application (Provisional No. 60/074,499). Filed 12 Feb 1998. Final Application Filed 12 Feb. 1999.
“Method and System for Distributing Simulated Physical Objects and Systems in a Networked Environment“Patent Application (Provisional No. 60/173,709). Filed 30 Dec 1999. Final Application Filed 30 Dec. 2000.
“Nanoelectronic Computers and Computing“ (with Raytheon, UCDavis, UMich).  NIST ATP Program. Proposal 11 Mar 1999.
“Nanoelectronic Computers and Computing“ (with Raytheon, UCDavis, UMich).  NIST ATP Program. Proposal 8 Mar 2000.
“Enabling Technology for Web Shopping“ (Video). 1999.
“Simulation of Display Electronics“ Working Notes. 28 May 1999.
“3D Dynamic Simulation for Interactive Web Advertising: Resource Materials“ 29 Dec 1998.
“Multi-Advertising“ (PowerPoint Presentation). 25 Apr 1999.
“NL_KIT_1 for VRML Code Development“ 15 June 1999.
“ExpertShopper ES_Proto Version 0.1. 2“ June 1999.
“ExpertShopper Tutorial Version 4.85“ Sep. 2000.
“ExpertShopper Tutorial Version 4.8.6“ Oct. 2000.
“ExpertShopper Tutorial. Version 4.8.9“ 29 Nov 2000.
“ExperShopper Source Code. Version 4.8.5“ 15 June 2000.
“EnterSim: NanoLogic’s New Software System for Web Disctribution of Simulations of Commercial Products“ 1 Jan 2001.
“EnterSim Version 1“ Use Cases. 7 Feb 2001.
“EnterSim Source Code“ 1 Apr 2001.
“EnterSim Functional Blocks“ 28 Dec 1999.
“EnterSim Version 1“ Design. 8 Jan 2001.
“Joint Development and Service Agreement with Zircon Corporation“ 27 July 2000.
“Instruction Manual: HiGro Simulation Version 2.5“  20 Feb 2001.
“Instruction Manual: Macro Virtual Store and Disco Simulation Version 2.0“ 28 Feb 2001.
“Instruction Manual: Internet-Controlled House Simulation Version 0.1“ 1 July 2001.
“Business Plan“ 20 Dec 2000.
“Business Plan“ 1 Feb 2000.
“Business Plan“ 1 Jun 2000.
“Business Plan“ 1 Mar 2001.
“Business Plan“ 9 Aug 2004.
“NanoLogic’s Business Model: Overlap of the Biomed and Webinfo Industries“ 3 Dec 2000.
“Building Simulations with VRML Components“ 15 July 2000.
“Web-based Interactive Virtual Prototyping and Product Design Optimization: Preliminary Remarks and Concepts“ 20 Oct 2000.
“Components and Componentizations. 2001.
“Private Showing” Bay Area Regional Technology Alliance” 13 Dec 1999.
“Company Overview“ (PowerPoint Presentation). 15 Oct 1998.
“Company Overview“ (PowerPoint Presentation). 16 Nov 2000.
“Company Overview“ (Supplement) (PowerPoint Presentation). 26 Feb 2001.
“Company Overview“ (PowerPoint Presentation). 14 Nov 2001.
“Company Overview“ (PowerPoint Presentation). 25 Sep 2000.
“Company Overview“ (PowerPoint Presentation, NanoSIG. 26 Apr 2000.
“Nanologic: A Logical Bridge to Nanocomputing” Presentation at Nanotechnology at the Interface of Information Technology, Louisana State University, 7-9 Feb 2002.
“NanoLogic: The Logical Bridge to Nanocomputing“ Overview and Applications. 14 Feb 2002.
“Principles of NanoLogic: Scientific Basis and Engineering“ 6 Mar 2002.
“Nanoelectronic Computers“ (PowerPoint Presentation, Infocast Venture Fair). 4 Sep 2002.
“Nanotechnology in Computers and Computing“ (with LLNL staff) (PowerPoint Presentation, LLNL LDRD Committee). 3 May 2002.
“Military Applications of Nanologic Computers and Computing: Preliminary Remarks and Resource Material. 20 Dec. 2001.
 “Embedded Ultrahigh Performance Nanoelectronic Computers“ (with LLNL, UMich, Raytheon, UCDavis). (PowerPoint Presentation, DARPA). 1 Mar 2002.
“Applications of Nanologic to Programs at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory: A White Paper” 25 June 2003.



Cordell Expeditions, 1979-present

Founder, Director, Expedition Leader


Fellow of the Explorers Club and former Chairman of its Northern California Chapter. Explorers Club
Explorers Club Golden GateAway Chairman 1996, 1998
Former Chairman Sierra Club Mt. Diablo Chapter
Former East Bay Chairman Prop. 20 campaign
Owner and operator of the documented research vessel Cordell Explorer
Extra Class radio license KK6EK. Radio licenses for Mexico, Falklands, King George Island (Belingshausen), Chile, and Australia
Travel: 7 continents, 50 U. S. States, All countries in Europe (multiple times), Canada, Mexico, Chile, Ecuador, Galapagos, Easter Island, Reunion Island, Ascension Island, Falkland Islands, Indonesia (Bali), Antarctica


Cordell Bank 1978-86
Pt. Sur 1987-88, 1991, 2004
Farallon Islands, 1989,1992,1993
Rocas Alijos 1990, 1993
Guadalupe Island, 1993
Roqueta Island, 1994
Peter I Island, Antarctica, 1994
Easter Island/Salas y Gómez, 1995
Galapagos, 1996
Heard Island, Antarctica, 1997
San Felix Island, Chile, 2002
Kure Atoll, 2005
Clipperton Island, 2013
Heard Island, 2015


Schmieder Bank (a rocky bank in the eastern Pacific)
Codium schmiederi (an alga)
Erylus schmiederi (a sponge)
Pharia pyramidata schmiederi (a starfish)
Megalomphalus schmiederi (a gastropod)
NAUI Environmental Award
Life member of the Central Arizona DX Association
Awarded DXpedition of the Year three times (1994, 1995, 1997)
CQ Amateur Radio Hall of Fame (2011)


Ecology of an Underwater Island (1991)
3YØPI Peter I Island 1994 DXpedition (1994)
DX-Aku: Messages from the 1995 Easter Island Expedition (1995)
Rocas Alijos (1996)
VKØIR Heard Island Expedition (1997)
XRØX The 2002 Expedition to San Felix (2003)
Great Adventures with Grandpa Bob (2010)
DXA: The Real-time Online Radio Log Server (2013)
Edward Cordell and the Discovery of Cordell Bank (not yet published)


Schmieder, R. W. 1978. Preliminary Report: 1978 Cordell Bank Expedition. CE Publ., 61 pp.
Schmieder, R. W. 1979. Final Report: 1978 Cordell Bank Expedition. CE Publ., 92 pp.
Schmieder, R. W. 1980. Preliminary Report: 1979 Cordell Bank Expedition. CE Publ., 54 pp.
Schmieder, R. W. 1980. Intermediate Forms and Range Extension of Pedicularia california and Pedicularia ovuliformis, Veliger, 22(4):382-384.
Schmieder, R. W. 1980. Final Report: 1979 Cordell Bank Expedition. CE Publ., 53 pp.
Schmieder, R. W. 1980. A Lighthouse (Pt. Reyes) ‘Way Down There? Pt. Reyes Historian, Summer, pp. 508-509.
Schmieder, R. W. 1981. Preliminary Report: 1980 Cordell Bank Expedition. CE Publ., 163 pp.
Schmieder, R. W. 1982. Shape Irregularity in Pedicularia californica, Veliger 24(3):272.
Schmieder, R. W. 1982. A Preliminary Summary of Knowledge of Cordell Bank, California. Report prepared for NOAA/SPD, 53 pp.
Schmieder, R. W. 1983. Final Report: 1980 Cordell Bank Expeditions. CE Publ., 86 pp.
Schmieder, R. W. 1984. Cordell Bank: Marine Sanctuary Candidate Rises from Obscurity. Oceans Magazine 17(4):22-25.
Schmieder, R. W. 1984. Preliminary Report: 1983 Cordell Bank Expedition. Report prepared for NOAA/SPD, 62 pp.
Schmieder, R. W. 1985. List of Species Observed at Cordell Bank, California. Report prepared for NOAA/SPD, 43 pp.
Schmieder, R. W. 1985. Preliminary Report: 1984 Cordell Bank Expedition. Report prepared for NOAA/SPD, 70 pp.
Schmieder, R. W. 1985. Cordell Bank Expeditions 1978-79. Nat. Geog. Soc. Res. Repts. 20:603-611.
Schmieder, R. W. 1985. The Expeditions to Cordell Bank. Proc. Joint International Scientific Diving Symposium, Amer. Acad. Underwater Sciences, Scripps Inst. Oceanography, La Jolla, CA. 31 Oct.-2 Nov. 1985. pp. 248-255.
Kruse, W. A. and Schmieder, R. W. 1986. High Resolution Graphic Images of EEZ Data: Cordell Bank, California. Proc. Fourth Working Symposium on Oceanographic Data Systems, IEEE Computer Soc., Scripps Inst. Oceanography, La Jolla, CA. 4-6, Feb. 1986. pp. 4-13.
Schmieder, R. W. 1986. Preliminary Report: 1985 Cordell Bank Expeditions. Report prepared for NOAA/SPD. 126 pp.
Schmieder, R. W. A Fishing Disaster at Cordell Bank? Cormorant (Oceanic Society) Feb/Mar, 1987.
Schmieder, R. W. 1987. Exploring Cordell Bank with and without divers. Proc. ROV87 (Symp. Remotely Operated Vehicles), San Diego, Mar. 10-12, 1987.
Schmieder, R. W. 1987. Cordell Bank: What We Know and What We Don’t. Proc. Symp. Current Research Topics in the Marine Environment, Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary, Pt. Reyes National Seashore, and Environmental Action Committee of West Mann, Mar. 21, 1987.
Schmieder, R. W. 1987. Terraces, Tilting, and Topography of Cordell Bank, California. California Geology 40(11):258-264.
Schmieder, R. W. 1988. Cordell Bank: An Oceanic Marvel. Defenders 63(3):24-29.
Schmieder, R. W. 1989. Cordell Bank Marine Sanctuary: Exploitation or Full Protection? Bodega Bay Signal, Mar. 1, 8, 1989.


Technical articles resulting from the work of Cordell Expeditions

Chadwick, N. E. 1987. Interspecific Aggressive Behavior of the Corallimorpharian Corynactis californica (Cnidaria: Anthozoa): Effects on Sympatric Corals and Sea Anemones. Biol. Bull. 173:110-125.
Lee, W. L. 1987. Guitarra abbotti and G. isabella, New Sponges from the Eastern Pacific. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 100(3) :465-479.
Lee, W. L. 2001. Four New Species of Forcepia (Porifera, Demospongiae, Poecilosclerida, Coelosphaeridae) from California, and Synonymy of Wilsa de Laubenfels, 1930, with Forcepia, Carter, 1874, Scientific Publications of the California Academy of Sciences 52:18
McLean, J. H. 1985. Two New Northeastern Pacific Gastropods of the Families Lepetidae and Seguenziidae. Veliger 27(3):344-346.
Menduno, M. 1989. Cordell Expedition: Pt. Sur’s U/W Island. Discover Diving 7(1):21-29.
Newman, W. R. and McConnaughey, R. R. 1987. A Tropical Eastern Pacific Barnacle, Megabalanus coccopoma (Darwin) in Southern California, following El Nino 1982-83. Pac. Sci. 41(1-4):31-36.
Robinson, R. 1985. Cordell Bank: An Underwater Island. Sea Frontiers 31(3):132-139.
Webber, M. A. and Cooper, S. M. 1983. Autumn Sightings of Marine Mammals and Birds near Cordell Bank, California. 1981-82. CE publ., 44 pp.
(Various authors) Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and the Western Santa Barbara Channel, Vols. 9, 14, Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History.

Documents Related to the Designation of the Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary

 “Placement of Cordell Bank, Calif., on the Marine Sanctuary List of Recommended Areas” Federal Register. 1981. 46(168):43731, Aug. 31.
“Announcement of Cordell Bank as an Active Candidate for National Marine Sanctuary Designation”, Federal Register. 1983. 48(127):30178-30180, Jun. 30.
“Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Management Plan for the Proposed Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary,” Marine and Estuarine Management Division, Office of Coastal Resource Management, National Ocean Service, NOAA, May, 1987.
“Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary Regulations” Federal Register. 1987. 52(167):32563-32568, Aug. 28.
 “Environmental Impact Statements; Availability. EIS No. 870294, Draft NOAA, PAC, CA, Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary, Designation and Management Plan, Pacific Continental Shelf”, Federal Register. 1987. 52(167):32601, Aug. 28.
“Public Hearings on the Draft Environmental Impact Statement/Plan for the Proposed Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary”, Federal Register. 1987. 52(177):34698, Sept. 14.
“Hearing before the Subcommittee on Oceanography and the Subcommittee on Fisheries and Wildlife Conservation and the Environment of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, House of Representatives, 100th Congress, Second Session, on H.R. 4208”, Congressional Record. 1988. Serial No. 100-58, Apr. 19.
“National Marine Sanctuaries Program Authorization Act of 1988. [Includes legislative mandate to designate the CBNMS by Dec. 31, 1988.1, Congressional Record. 1988. pp. H-5815-5825, July 26.
“Findings Regarding the Issuance of a Notice of Designation for the Proposed Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary, CA”, Federal Register. 1988. 53(251):53049-53050, Dec. 30.
“Solicitation of Comments on National Marine Sanctuary Permit Application.”, Federal Register. 1989. 54(38):8373, Feb. 28.
“Final Environmental Impact Statement and Management Plan for the Proposed Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary”, Marine and Estuarine Management Division, Office of Coastal Resource Management, National Ocean Service, NOAA, April, 1989.
“Joint Resolution to approve the designation of the Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary.” Congressional Record. 1989. Senate Joint Resolution 139, p. S5718, May 18.
“Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary. Notice of National Marine Sanctuary designation; final rule; and summary of final management plan.” Federal Register. 1989. 54(99):22417-22425, May 24.
“Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary. Notice of Proposed Rule” [extending oil/gas ban to entire sanctuary], Federal Register. 1989. 54(99):22449-22451, May 24.

News Reports

“Visit to a Long Lost Island”, Fred Garretson, Oakland Tribune, Aug. 20, 1978.
“Scientists to Study Lost Island”, Fred Garretson, San Rafael Independent Journal, Aug. 22, 1978.
“Divers Explore Cordell Bank”, Kathleen MacLay, Contra Costa Times, Aug. 27, 1978.
“Cordell Bank Diver was Worth Waiting For”, Contra Costa Times, Oct. 25, 1978.
“Cordell Bank Divers Find Surprises, George Nevin, San Rafael Independent Journal, Nov. 10, 1978.
“An Amazing Island Under the Sea”, Fred Garretson, Oakland Tribune, Nov. 12, 1978.
“Cordell Bank Probe to Resume in ‘80”, San Rafael Independent Journal, Dec. 22, 1979.
“Sandia Physicist Probes Mysterious Island Beneath the Pacific” Kim McDonald, Valley Times, Apr. 27, 1980.
“Divers Visit Sunken Mountain”, San Rafael Independent Journal, Aug. 12, 1980.
“Skindivers Revel in Adventure of Long-Lost Undersea Mountain” Sheila Riley, Tri-Valley News, Nov. 16, 1980.
“Divers Explore Undersea Mountain”, Sheila Riley, Tri-Valley Herald, Nov. 16, 1980.
“The Many Riches of Cordell Bank”, Spencer Sias, San Rafael Independent Journal, Dec. 22, 1980.
“Local Divers Participate in Scientific Expedition” Placer Herald, Dec. 17, 1980.
“Cordell Bank Surprises Explorers”, Kathy O’Toole, Oakland Tribune, Dec. 3, 1982.
“A Watery World of Color”, Editorial, Oakland Tribune, Dec. 4, 1982.
“Lush Sea World Rises from Obscurity”, Charles Petit, San Francisco Chronicle, Dec. 4, 1982.
“Undersea Mountain Reveals Ancient Clues”, Peter Alshire, Contra Costa Times, Jan. 17, 1983.
“Divers Explore Cordell Bank’s Deep Mysteries”, Peter Alshire, West County Times, Jan. 20, 1983.
“Diving to the Mountaintops”, John Engellentier, Sacramento Bee, Jan. 24, 1983.
“Undersea Mount Needs Protection”, Editorial, Contra Costa Times, Feb. 4, 1983.
“Towards a Pt. Reyes Sanctuary”, Dale Champion, San Francisco Chronicle, Jun. 29, 1983.
“Marine Scientists Have Hopes of Saving Undersea Wonder” Craig Staats, Oakland Tribune, Dec. 19, 1983.
“The Secrets of Cordell Bank”, Phil Trupp, Oceans. 1984. 17(3):54-55.
“Discovering Cordell Bank”, Lee McEachern, California Living Magazine. Aug. 5, 1984.
“Cousteau Society Endorses Cordell Bank as National Marine Sanctuary”, Sierra Club Yodeler, Nov., 1984.
“Cordell Bank Awaits Marine Sanctuary Status”, Stephen Metzger, Underwater, USA. 1985. 2(1):9.
“U. S. to Map Undersea Area off Pt. Reyes”, San Francisco Chronicle, May 15, 1985.
“Sandia Physicist Sets Sail to Map Ocean Mountain” Valley Times, May 21, 1985.
“Nature’s Own Underwater Lab”, Keith Rogers, Valley Times, July 11, 1985.
“Cordell Bank is Native’s Lab”, Keith Rogers, Albany/Berkeley Times, July 17, 1985.
“Exploring Cordell Bank”, Robert Robinson, Sierra, Nov.-Dec., 1985.
“A Treasury of Life at the Cordell Bank”, Billy C. Lewis, The Compass, No. 2, 1986.
“Mapping an Underwater Oasis: The Cordell Bank Rediscovered”, S.Weisburd, Science News. 1986. 130:250-252, Oct. 18.
“Saving Cordell Bank and the Rockfish”, C.   Betifell, Oakland Tribune, Jan. 18, 1987.
“Sport Diver’s Chance Find Could Fill a Lifetime”, M.  Mazzocco, Contra Costa Times, Feb. 21, 1987.
“Preserving Marine Ecology: Cordell Bank, Sanctuary, and You”, E. Steele, Whale Center Newsletter, Winter, 1987.
“Preserving Cordell Bank, A National Marine Sanctuary Candidate” The Cormorant (Oceanic Society) Feb/Mar, 1987.
“Cordell Bank Damage”, Tom Riley, Pt. Reyes Light, Feb. 26, 1987.
“Cordell Bank, Biological Treasure”, Evan Steele, Loma Prieta (Sierra Club), March, 1987.
“Sound Waves Draw Maps of Underwater World”, Scholastic News - Explorer. 1987. 55(23), Apr.
“Paradise (Underwater) Discovered: Cordell Bank and Schmieder”, Anthony J. Pettinato, Whale Center Newsletter,
“Lush Undersea Mountain May Become Sanctuary” Ken White, Pt. Reyes Light, Sept. 3, 1987.
“Whale Not Wayward this Time Through”, Eileen Kleinman, The Press Democrat (Santa Rosa), Sept. 8, 1987.
“Marine Sanctuary Receives High Praise, Simon Birch, Bodega Bay Signal, Oct. 1, 1987.
“Overwhelming Support for Cordell Sanctuary” Bodega Bay Navigator, Oct. 1, 1987.
“Public and Official Support for Proposed Sanctuary” Pt. Reyes Light, Oct. 1, 1987.
“Cordell Bank: National Marine Sanctuary Proposal Unveiled” Mark J. Palmer, Whale Center Newsletter, Fall/Winter, 1987.
“NOAA Proposes Cordell Bank as Newest Marine Sanctuary” Sea Technology. 1987. 28(11), Nov., 1987.
“Charting New Waters”, Robert Robinson, Scubapro Diving, Summer, 1988.
“House protects undersea sanctuary”, Steve Hart, Santa Rosa Press Democrat, July 21, 1988.
“Wilson seeks north coast sanctuaries”, S.F. Examiner, Aug. 12, 1988.
“Fall Expedition Needs Divers to Explore Underwater Island off Pt. Sur in N. Calif.”, Underwater, USA. 5(4):12-13, Sept. 1988.
“Offshore oil plans called a threat to Farallon wildlife” Julie Kay, S. F. Examiner, Sept. 28, 1988.
“Cordell: Sanctuary or oil site?”, Eileen Kleinman, Santa Rosa Press Democrat, Sept. 30, 1988.
“Cordell Bank off Mann added to Sanctuaries”, S.F. Chronicle, Nov. 9, 1988.
“‘Sanctuary’ may not stop Drilling”, Marin Independent Journal, Nov. 28, 1988.
“Give Cordell Buffer Zone”, Marin Independent Journal, Dec. 4, 1988.
“Sanctuary Caught in Drilling Debate”, Bay and Delta Yachtsman, Feb. 1989.
“Cordell Bank is called vulnerable to oil drilling” Eileen Kleinman, Santa Rosa Press Democrat, Mar. 22, 1989.
“Spill could influence debate on sanctuary off Mann” Mitchell Benson and David Willman, San Jose Mercury News, Mar. 28, 1989.
“Oil Drilling Opponents Target Cordell Bank”, Mitchell Benson and David Williams, San Jose Mercury News, Mar. 28, 1989.
“Lawmakers huddle over Cordell Bank”, Eileen Kleinman, Santa Rosa Press Democrat, Apr. 19, 1989.
“U. S. may be set to ban drilling off Pt. Reyes” Larry Liebert, S. F. Chronicle, Apr. 19, 1989.
“Oil drilling banned off Pt. Reyes”, Maura Thurman, Marin Independent Journal, Apr. 19, 1989.
“As safe as a fish in the bank”, Editorial, Sacramento Bee, Apr. 22, 1989.
“Cordell Bank protection gets OK from White House” Mann Independent Journal, May 2, 1989.
“Cordell Bank ban reported”, S.F. Examiner, May 2, 1989
“Drilling Ban Of f Pt. Reyes”. S.F. Chronicle, May 3, 1989.
“Bush to Declare Marine Sanctuary off Pt. Reyes” Larry Liebert, S. F. Chronicle, May 19, 1989.
“Marine Sanctuary OK’d; Drilling ban still at issue, Marin Independent Journal, May 19, 1989.
“Sea Sanctuary is Designated Of f Pt. Reyes”, L.A. Times, May 20, 1989.
“Cordell Bank named sanctuary”, Santa Rosa Press Democrat, May 20, 1989.
“Cordell Bank now marine sanctuary”, Laura McCoy, Oakland Tribune, May 20, 1989.
“Cordell Sanctuary open to oil drilling”, Laura McCoy, The Herald (Livermore Valley), May 20, 1989.
“Sanctuary open to drilling”, Laura McCoy, Valley Times, May 20, 1989.
“Only part of offshore sanctuary off-limits to drilling” Laura MeCoy, Sacramento Bee, May 20, 1989.
“Rare Bird Report”, Birder’s World, June, 1989.
“Cordell sanctuary open to drilling”, Laura McCoy, The Enterprise, May 24, 1989.
“Snag in Ban on Oil Drilling Of f Point Reyes”, S.F. Chronicle, May 24, 1989.
“An evening with Robert Schmieder”, The Calistogan, June 2, 1989.
“Cordell Bank Drilling Ban Gets a Boost”, Larry Liebert, S. F. Chronicle, June 22, 1989.
“Offshore Drilling ban goes to full House” Laura McCoy, Sacramento Bee, June 22, 1989.
“Drilling Ban OK’d for Marin sanctuary”, San Jose Mercury News, June 28, 1989
“House passes oil-drilling ban for sanctuary” Sacramento Bee, June 28, 1989
“House Votes 1st Permanent Coastal Oil-Drilling Ban” Douglas Jehl, L. A. Times, June 28, 1989
“Cordell Bank Closer to Ban on Drilling”, Cart T. Hall, S. F. Chronicle, June 28, 1989
“Pt. Sur Successful; Second Expedition Planned”, Joseph Ditzler, Underwater USA, Vol. 6, no. 3, July, 1989
“Fight Over Cordell Bank Spurs Ban Proposal”, Joseph Ditzler, Underwater USA, Vol. 6, no. 3, July, 1989
“Gains for the California Coast”, Editorial, S. F. Examiner, July 3, 1989

Films and Slide Shows

“Visit to a Long Lost Island”
        Stephen Lawler. 1978. Super-8/sound (15 min.).
“Cordell Bank Expeditions 1979.”
Cordell Expeditions. 1979. Slides (5-projectors)/sync sound (15 mm.).
        Harry Sherman, 1980. Super-8/sound (9 min.).
“Return to Cordell Bank”
        Stephen Lawler, 1980. Super-8/sound (15 min.).
“Once arid Future Island”
        Cordell Expeditions. 1981. Multimedia: Slides (15 projectors), Super-8, 16 mm/sync sound (20 mm.).
“Cordell Bank Expedition”
        Harry Sherman, 1981. 16-mm/sound (14 mm.).
“Cordell Bank: The Last Dive”
        Cordell Expeditions. 1983. Multimedia: Slides (2 projectors), 16 mm/sync sound (12 mm.). A video of this program was awarded 2nd place at the 1985 Underwater Photographic Society film festival (Oakland).
“Search for Understanding: Remote Sensing and Videographic Imaging of Cordell Bank”
        Stephen Lawler arid Bill Kruse, 1985. Slides/sync sound (12 min.).
“Research at Cordell Bank”
        Robert Schmieder arid Paul Hara, 1987. Videotape (12 min).

Television Programs

KGO TV (Ch. 7), San Francisco, 1982.
        Two news specials produced by Lee McEachern.
Cable News Network, Atlanta, 1984.
        News special produced by CNN. Broadcast nationwide.
KTLA (Ch. 5), Los Angeles, Nov. 18, 1984.
        Part of nightly news broadcast.
PBS, originated by KQED (Ch. 9), San Francisco, 1985
        News Note, produced by Michael Tobias. Broadcast nationwide.
KGQ TV (Ch. 7), San Francisco, Aug. 20, 1986.
        News special produced by Lee McEachern.
Ch. 8, Pacifica, Aug. 27, 1987
        Live interview with Hank Morioka, mostly about fishing.
KGO TV (Ch. 7), San Francisco, Mar. 25, 1987.
        News special produced by Lee McEachern.

Updated 15 Aug 2011